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El curso más completo de inglés

Autor: omar ali caldela
Curso:
9,50/10 (458 opiniones) |678261 alumnos|Fecha publicación: 23/07/2007
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Capítulo 54:

 Discurso directo e indirecto

Direct and indirect speech

(direct and indirect spi..ch)

(discurso directo e indirecto)

"direct speech" = el discurso directo se usa para expresar algo directamente, es lo que una persona dice o nos dice directamente.

Ex:

I am tired.

I am going to Cancún this weekend.

"simple indirect speech" = el discurso indirecto simple es un reporte simple que damos o que nos dan de lo que una persona dijo.

Ex:

You) John said "I am tired".

Mary) the other day you told me "I donot like going to my house" and now you are going.

"complete indirect speech" = el discurso o reporte indirecto completo se usa para comunicarle a una persona lo que otra persona dijo.

Ex:                        

John) I am tired. = frase directa.

You tell another person) John said he was tired!. = frase o reporte indirecto.

Rules:

1) Si en una frase directa se usa la acción "to be", entonces en el reporte indirecto se usa el pasado de "to be" (was, were).

Ex:

Be ------ was / were.

To be going to ------- was / were going to.

Frase directa: I am tired.

Frase indirecta: he said that he was tired.

She is going to travel to Acapulco.

- She said that she was going to travel to Acapulco.

2) Si en la frase directas se usa:    ----             entonces en las frases indirectas se usa:

               Can                                                 ----                                         could.

               May                                                ----                                         might.

              Will                                                 ----                                         would.

     Simple present                                        ----                                     simple past.

                            

          simple past

       Present perfect                                                                               past perfect.

         past perfect

Ex:

Frase directa) I can do that.

Frase indirecta) he said that he could do that.

I will kiss her.

- He said that he would kiss her.

I may ask her.

- He said that he might ask her.

I always do it.

- He said that he always did it.

She has always good ideas.

- He said that she always had good ideas.

I already did my homework.

- He said that he alredy had done his homework.

I have done plenty of exercise recently.

- She said that she had done plenty of exercise recently.

I had seen that face.

- She said that she had seen that face.

3) Si queremos decir a una persona lo que otra persona pregunto, usamos "asked + la palabra interrogativa correspondiente", y luego aplicamos la regla 1 y 2:

Ex:

Frase directa) where did you go last night?.

Frase indirecta) he asked where you had gone last night.

Where have you been?

- She asked where you had been.

What are you doing?

- He asked what you were doing.

4) Si no se utiliza una palabra interrogativa en la pregunta, entonces solo usamos "asked + if", y luego lógicamente la regla 1 y 2:

Ex:

Do you know her?

- He asked if you knew her.

Did you go to the cinema?

- He asked if you had gone to the cinema.

Have you finished your work?.

- He asked if you had finished your work.

Had you been sick?.

- He asked if you had been sick.

Advanced 1 english practice, unit 7

"indirect speech"

Make the appropiate indirect speech of each one of the following sentences:

1) I will kiss her.            _____________________________

2) I may ask her.              _____________________________

3) I always do it.           ____________________________

4) she has always good ideas.         __________________________________

5) I already did my homework.        __________________________________

6) I have done plenty of exercise recently.       _______________________________

7) I had seen that face.       _________________________________

8) where have you been?      __________________________________

9) what are you doing?        ____________________________________

10) do you know her?        _____________________________________

11) did you go to the cinema?     _________________________________

12) have you finished your work?.      _______________________________

13) had you been sick?.       ____________________________

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