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Capýtulo 3:

 At work. En el trabajo en inglés

“Work won’t kill but worry will”


LEAD IN Thinking....                                  

o  How well do you know your office?

Try to answer these questions:

                              a. Where are the toilets?

                              b. Is there a subsidized canteen?

                              c. Do you have a company car as a perk?

                              d. Do you work in cubicle desks or in an open-space office?

                              e. Is health insurance part of the fringe benefits of your job?


Apart from describing an organization, roles and responsibilities and personal qualities, it is very important to be able to talk about the job conditions as well as to show someone around the office. This is what we are going to try to deal with in this unit.


People rights at work will depend on:

  • Statutory rights -legal rights based on laws passed by Parliament-, and
  • Contract of employment-agreement made between the employer and the employee-.

English Your contract of employment cannot take away rights you have by law. So if, for example, you have a contract   which states you are only entitled to two weeks' paid holiday per year when, by law, all full-time employees are entitled to 28 days' paid holiday per year, this part of your contract is void and does not apply. The right you have under law (to 28 days' holiday in this case) applies instead.

If your contract gives you greater rights than you have under law, for example, your contract gives you six weeks' paid holiday per year, then your contract applies.

Besides working rights, people usually can take advantage of different benefits from their jobs. These benefits take in payment, extra pays, insurances and so.         

Activity 1. 

Match the words from one column to words on the other column to come up with the right collocations related to work.




Mind the difference:

-       WAGE: an amount of money that you earn for working, usually according to how many hours or days you work each week or month

-       SALARY: a fixed amount of money that you earn each month or year from your job

-       PAYSLIP: a piece of paper that you get from your employer when you are paid, showing how much money you have earned and how much tax has been taken away




Try to find the opportunity to discuss about these questions:

- Which of these ways of working do you think will become more common in the future?

- Which of these ways of working would you welcome?





Many times, someone might visit your office or your factory and you have to show them around.  They might be new employees, prospective clients, someone from head office or just an official inspector. If you are responsible for taking these people on a tour, you might want to make sure that everything goes smoothly.


Activity 2.

Read this text describing the layout of an office and answer the question:  Where is the General Manager’s office?

The reception area:The reception area stretches the whole front of the building. The lift is just behind it on the right-hand side of the building.

The lift:The lift is behind the reception area and the conference room. It’s doors open on the main corridor. It is opposite the ladies’ room.

The main corridor: It runs down the centre of the building from the reception area at the front to the staff restaurant at the back.

The conference room:It is between the lift and the Production Department on the right-hand side of the building.  All the important meetings take place here.

The Accounts Department:It is beside the Production Department, and across the corridor from the After-Sales Service Department.

The After-Sales service Department:It is between the visitors-meeting room and the Sales and Marketing Department on the left-hand side of the building.

The visitors-meeting room:It is between the Gents’ and the After-Sales Service Department.

The HR Department (Human Resources):It is just in front of the staff restaurant.

The R&D Department (Research and Development): It is between the Sales and Marketing Department and the HR Department, on the left-hand side of the main corridor.

The Production Department:It is situated between the conference room and the Accounts Department. It is opposite the visitors-meeting room and After-Sales.

The Sales and Marketing Department:It is located between R&D and After-Sales Service.

The Gents’:It is opposite the conference room, between the Ladies’ room and the visitors-meeting room.

The Ladies’:It is just behind the reception area on the left-hand side of the main corridor. The Gents’ is just behind it.

The Staff Restaurant:It stretches all the way across the back of the building at the far end of the main corridor. It is quite large and modern.

Pay attention to the words and phrases in bold!!!

The General Manager’s office is ________________________________________



Activity 3.

Write the name of each room described above in this floor plant:


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