12.185 cursos gratis
8.725.372 alumnos
Facebook Twitter YouTube
Busca cursos gratis:

Basic Spanish for foreigners

Autor: Ricardo Roque Mateos
Curso:
9,17/10 (12 opiniones) |3254 alumnos|Fecha publicación: 17/03/2006
Envía un mensaje al autor

Capítulo 7:

 CHAPTER 7: VERBS AND TIMES


LESSON SIXTEEN

 Let's remember how to form the inmediate past, gerund etc. and also we will see irregularities of these verbs.    
I am making = Estoy haciendo                             I am working = Estoy trabajando  
You are learning = Est ás aprendiendo               
He is waiting = Está esperando  
Irregularities Gerund :      
CREER = Creyendo                     
LEER = Leyendo                  
DECIR  = Diciendo  
CAERSE = Cayendo                   
DORMIR = Durmiendo  

The verbs finishing in -SE are reflexive, actions that we do to ourselves. For example Caerse, we fall ourselves, because if somebody else makes us fall it's already another verb.   In other cases the particle -SE only adds strength to the verb:   Quiero comer un sandwich= I want to eat a sandwich      
Quiero comer me un sandwich = I want to eat a sandwich by myself (without sharing a bit)    
I have gone = He ido                      
You have been in Madrid = Has estado en Madrid  
We have listened the news = Hemos escuchado las noticias  
They have fixed the T.V = Han arreglado la tele (Tele is short for television)  
Irregularities of the participle :  
VER = Visto (not verido)                     
ROMPER = Roto                         
PONER = Puesto  
DECIR = Dicho                                     
ECRIBIR = Escrito      
Conjugation of the verbs in -SE   PREOCUPARSE  
Presente =     Me preocupo      I worry  
Pasado inmediato =  Acabo de preocuparme   
I have just worried   Futuro inmediato = Voy a preocuparme      
I am going to worry   Presente perfecto =   Me he preocupado    
I have worried    
Listen to the audio file, the teacher will be saying the present of the verbs, try to catch as many as possible.  We will be seeing in future texts if you wrote them correctly or not..

                                             LESSON SEVENTEEN

We know already some forms of the verbs, in this lesson we will learn other forms and the differences between SER and ESTAR and between  HABER and TENER

HABER will always be used like TO HAVE as the auxiliary : I have eaten = Yo he comido

TENER will always be used like TO HAVE as the active :  I have a house = Tengo una casa or I have to go = Tengo que ir

SER will be used for things that don't change often (nationality, profession, phisical qualities...)

ESTAR will be used for things that change (moods, places where we are, things we look for...)

For things we look for always with ESTAR, doesn't matter if it's a cathedral what we are looking for and it won't change of place... for us until we find it, it's as if moving in the map.

Soy de Los Angeles y estoy en Madrid = I am from Los Angeles and I am in Madrid

The first one can't change, you are from L.A, you were born there and nothing can change that. The second one can change, you are now in Madrid, tomorrow you can be in a beach of  La Coruña

Before using ser or estar ask to yourself...could this situation change in the next hours?

For example a book... El libro es bueno. We use ES because the book was written in a good way and it will be like this for centuries.

                                                             CONDITIONAL

I would run, I would go... All the three conjugations   AR    ER    IR   have the same endings

Yo nadaría, Tu nadarías, El nadaría, Nosotros nadaríamos, Vosotros nadaríais, Ellos nadarían

 Yo comería, Tu comerías, El comería, Nosotros comeríamos,Vosotros comeríais, Ellos comerían

 Remember always that the pronouns are not used most of the times because we know the person by the ending of the verbal form.

 The endings are marked in blue and will always be the same for all verbs, we can see that the conditional is formed    INFINITIVE + ENDING

 I would eat with you, but I just have eaten = Comería contigo, pero acabo de comer

 We would go if the party is good = Iríamos si la fiesta es buena.

                                                                       FUTURE

 We already know how to make the immediate future ( voy a comer = I am going to eat)

 Now we will learn the simple future (I will eat), all the endings are the same for the three congugations.

Yo nadaré, Tu nadarás, El nadará, Nosotros nadaremos, Vosotros nadareis, Ellos nadarán

 Yo viviré, Tu vivirás, El vivirá, Nosotros viviremos, Vosotros vivireis, Ellos vivirán

 I will take = coger                   You will go = irás                  I will accept = aceptaré

 How to use this forms with the reflexive verbs:

We will form exactly the same as a normal verb, let's see for example with GUSTAR

 Me gusta = I like                          Me gustaría = I would like        Me gustará = I will like

 We use these endings because the verb doesn't refer to me, it refers to the thing we like.

 We are saying  "I would like it".

 In this lesson pay special attention to the teacher when he says random verbs in future or conditional, and notice how all the endings are the same for all verbs.

 CONGRATULATIONS!!! You already know two more verbal forms and very importants. We need to see the two simple pasts in Spanish and you will be able to communicate expressing concepts in different presents, pasts and futures.

But first prepare to revise everything we have seen so far, the next lesson is all about fixing concepts, translating texts and understanding sentences.

 A hundred verbs that we will need in Spanish

 

accept

allow

ask

believe/think

borrow

break

bring

buy

can/be able

cancel

change

clean

comb

complain

cough

count

cut

dance

draw

drink

drive

eat

explain

fall

fill

find

finish

fit

fix

fly

forget

give

go

have

hear

hurt

know

learn

leave

listen

live

look

lose

make/do

need

open

aceptar

permitir/dejar

preguntar

creer

prestar

romper

traer

comprar

poder

cancelar

cambiar

limpiar

peinar

quejarse

toser

contar

cortar

bailar

dibujar

beber

conducir

comer

explicar

caerse

llenar

encontrar

terminar

caber

arreglar

volar

olvidar

dar

ir

tener

oir

dañar, herir

saber/conocer

aprender

salir/marcharse

escuchar

vivir

mirar

perder

hacer

necesitar

abrir

close/shut

organize

pay

play

put

rain

read

reply

run

say

see

sell

send

sign

sing

sit

sleep

smoke

speak

spell

spend

stand

start/begin

study

succeed

swim

take

talk

teach

tell

think

translate

travel

try

turn off

turn on

type

understand

use

wait

wake up

want

watch

work

worry

write

cerrar

organizar

pagar

jugar

poner

llover

leer

responder

correr

decir

ver

vender

enviar

firmar

cantar

sentarse

dormir

fumar

hablar

deletrear

gastar

ponerse de pie

empezar

estudiar

tener exito

nadar

coger

hablar

enseñar

decir

pensar/creer

traducir

viajar

intentar

apagar

encender

teclear

entender

utilizar/usar

esperar

despertar

querer

mirar

trabajar

preocuparse

escribir

Capítulo siguiente - Completing verbal times
Capítulo anterior - Completing grammar

Nuestras novedades en tu e-mail

Escribe tu e-mail:

Al presionar "Recibir" estás dándote de alta y aceptas las condiciones legales de mailxmail

Cursos similares a Basic Spanish for foreigners


  • Vídeo
  • Alumnos
  • Valoración
  • Cursos
1. Normas ortográficas del español
Este curso te presenta las normas ortográficas más básicas para dominar, en el... [25/01/06]
19.664  
2. Cuaderno ortográfico
A la disciplina de escribir correctamente las palabras se le conoce como... [13/02/06]
160.612  
3. Acentuación en español
La acentuación del español está establecida actualmente por la "Ortografía de la... [16/05/08]
6.576  

¿Qué es mailxmail.com?|ISSN: 1699-4914|Ayuda
Publicidad|Condiciones legales de mailxmail


Ponte al día de Español con nuestros cursos gratis